One of the earliest sumptuary laws is credited to Zaleucus, a 7th century BCE Greek lawgiver in Locri, Italy. It concerns the behavior of women and the dress of both sexes:
…no free woman should be allowed any more than one maid to follow her, unless she was drunk; nor was to stir out of the city by night, wear jewels of gold about her, or go in an embroidered robe, unless she was a professed and public prostitute; that, bravos excepted, no man was to wear a gold ring, nor be seen in one of those effeminate robes woven in the city of Miletus.
—Qtd. in Michel de Montaigne, Of Sumptuary Laws (Essay XLIII) in ESSAYS OF MONTAIGNE, at 64 (William Carew Hazlitt, ed., Charles Cotton, trans., London, 1902)
This 1699 treatise was published in Germany and reprints the sumptuary portion of the Locrian Code in Latin.